Tihar jail, opened in 1958, is the largest prison complex in Asia. The jail remains seriously overcrowded. As of 2016 Tihar has more than 13,500 inmates, however the sanctioned capacity is just 5,200.
The prison is styled as a correctional institution. Its main objective is to rehabilitate the inmates into employable members of society by providing them with useful skills, education and respect for the law. To engage, re-educate and reform its inmates, Tihar uses music therapy which involves instrument practice sessions and concerts. The prison has its own radio station run by inmates.
There is also a prison industry within the walls manned wholly by prisoners. Tihar Jail Factory provides an opportunity of reformation & rehabilitation to the prison inmates of Tihar Jail by channelling their energy in a positive direction.
The Jail Factory is located in Central Jail No.2, Tihar, New Delhi. It has sections for warpentry, Weaving (handloom & powerloom), tailoring, chemical, handmade paper, commercial art and a bakery unit, which is known as Tihar Baking School. The products manufactured in the Jail Factory are sold under the brand name of TJ’s. The prison inmates working in the factory are provided with wages at the rates decided by the Government of Delhi.
The Jail Factory employs around 700 inmates in its various units.